Formę bezosobową (bezokolicznik), czyli angielski „infinitive” stosujemy:
– po przymiotniku:
The hairbrush is easy to use.
The dish is simple to make.
– kiedy chcemy wyjaśnić jaki jest cel jakiegoś działania:
The camera helps to capture important moments.
Teachers help us to understand grammar.
– po niektórych czasownikach takich jak:
- study (I have studied to pass the exam)
- teach (She taught him how to make pancakes)
- want (I want to get this fantastic book for Christmas)
- need (He needed to go to the toilet so he left the room)
- decide (You decided not to throw it away)
- plan (I planned to go to that shop on Monday)
- help (I helped her to do this homework)
- advise (I advised him to apologize her)
- afford (She couldn’t afford to buy a new car)
- agree (Nick agreed to teach me how to dance)
- appear (She appears not to know about it)
- expect (The teacher expects us to write essays for Friday)
- hope (Natasha hopes to be invited to the party)
- make (w stronie biernej) (He was made to wait for three hours)
- manage (She managed to complete an assignment on time)
- offer (Jessica offered to look after their children)
- pretend (They pretend to be better than others)
- promise (Mum promised to take the children to the zoo)
- refuse (He refused to help me)
- seem (It seems to be nice in this restaurant)
Czasowniki w formie „infinitive” pojawiają się również w konstrukcji z „would”:
I would like to meet you.
She would love to know you better.
opracowała: Beata Cichy